In HTML, the `charset` attribute specifies the character encoding used in the HTML document. Character encoding is a way of representing characters in digital media. It determines which characters can be displayed in the document and how they should be displayed.
The `charset` attribute is typically used in the `<meta>` element, which is placed in the `<head>` of the HTML document. Here's an example of how to use the `charset` attribute:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta charset="utf-8"> </head> <body> <!-- content goes here --> </body> </html>
In this example, the `
charset` the attribute is set to `
utf-8`, which is a widely used character encoding that can represent most of the characters in the Unicode character set.
It's important to specify the correct character encoding for an HTML document because using the wrong character encoding can result in characters being displayed incorrectly.